Coordinated School Health

Published: 1/30/2014 8:32 AM

 



What is a Coordinated School Health Program (CSHP)?
A CSHP is an organized set of programs, policies and activities. This coordinated model consists of assessing the school environment, having a school health or wellness council and developing an action plan.
 

This team has members at both the Kentucky Department of Education and Kentucky Department for Public Health. We are federally funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for three priority areas:
 
  1. Youth Risk Behavior Survey
  2. HIV Prevention
  3. Coordinated School Health Programs/Physical
  4. Activity, Nutrition and Tobacco
 
The purpose of our funding is to provide schools, districts and community partners with professional development (PD), technical assistance (TA), data and resources in these three priority areas.
The group works together on these components:

  • Health Education
  • Physical Education
  • Nutrition Services
  • Health Services
  • Counseling & Social Psychological Services
  • Healthy & Safe School Environment
  • Family & Community Involvement
  • Health Promotion for Staff



Practical Living and Career Studies Program Review-September 2012

The Link Between Health and Academic Achievement – Basch -
Academic success is an excellent indicator for the overall well-being of youth and a primary predictor and determinant of adult health outcomes. Leading national education organizations recognize the relationship between health and education, as well as the need to embed health into the educational environment for all students.*
Students with higher grades are significantly less likely to have engaged in behaviors such as:* 

  • carried a weapon
  • current cigarette use
  • current alcohol use
  • ever had sexual intercourse
  • did not eat for 24 hours to lose weight or to keep from gaining weight
  • watched television three or more hours per day.

 

Health and Academics - CDC
http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/health_and_academics/index.htm

 

Why do Schools Need CSHPs?
Six priority health-risk behaviors contribute to the leading causes of illness and death by our youth. These six priority health-risk behaviors are monitored in Kentucky by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) through the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS). These behaviors are all preventable.

  • alcohol and drug use
  • injury and violence (including suicide)
  • tobacco use
  • unhealthy dietary behaviors
  • physical inactivity
  • sexual risk behaviors

YRBS data can be used to describe risk behaviors, create awareness, set program goals, develop programs and policies and as a data source for grant writing.

When schools, families and the community work together to support positive youth development, risk behaviors are reduced and students’ health and academic achievement are promoted. CSHPs provide the framework for creating these essential linkages.


How to Create Your CSHP
A CSHP coordinates multiple programs within schools and communities and fosters the development of supportive families and communities. To create a successful CSHP, schools should:

  • obtain support from key decision makers in school administration
  • create a school health or wellness council that includes school faculty and staff, community members, parents and families, businesses, faith-based organizations, local health departments, youth and other groups and individuals
  • assess school health policies and programs using the School Health Index or the Alliance for Healthier Generation’s Healthy Schools Program
  • use assessment findings to set goals and strategies to improve school health policies and programs for the CSHP
  • integrate school health goals and strategies into comprehensive school/district improvement plans (CSIP/CDIP)

      - CSH School Health Committee
      - CSH District Council Planning

      - Sample CSH Committee Intro Letter

      - CSH Wellness Policy Guidance

Journal of School Health Website

Health & Academics

School Health Index

Alliance for a Healthier Generation - Healthy Schools Program

 

 

  • Counseling, Psychological and Social Services

    In Kentucky schools, we will make available high quality counseling, psychological and social services. This will engage students in activities that focus on cognitive, emotional, behavioral and social needs of individuals, groups, and families. It will be designed to prevent and address problems, facilitate positive learning and healthy behavior, and enhance healthy development.

     

  • Family and Community Involvement

    In Kentucky schools, families and communities will be involved in schools. Partnerships among schools, families, community groups, and individuals will be present in all schools. We will share and maximize resources and expertise in addressing the healthy development of children, youth, and their families.
     
  • Health and Safety Policies and Environment

    All of Kentucky schools will enjoy a healthy environment including the physical, emotional and social climate of the school. Schools are designed to provide a safe physical plant, as well as a healthy and supportive environment that fosters learning.

     

  • Health Education

    ​In Kentucky schools, we will deliver classroom instruction that addresses the physical, mental, emotional, and social dimensions of health; develops health knowledge, attitudes, and skills; and is tailored to each age level. It will motivate and assist students to maintain and improve their health, prevent disease, and reduce health-related risk behaviors.

     

  • Health Promotion for Staff

    In Kentucky schools, we will promote healthy staffs. We will assure that assessment, education, and fitness activities are available for school faculty and staff. This will be designed to maintain and improve the health and well-being of school staff, who serve as role models for students.
     
  • PANT (Physical Activity, Nutrition and Tobacco)

    Physical activity, nutrition and tobacco (PANT) related behaviors play a major role in the health of many Kentuckians. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCP), these three modifiable risk factors contribute to nearly seventy percent of the cardiovascular diseases and conditions throughout our Commonwealth.

     

  • Physical Activity and Nutrition Integration Resources

    With the increase of health-related conditions and diseases (e.g., Type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, asthma, overweight and obesity) among our children and youth, and a decrease in the amount of physical activity and nutrition education, parents, schools and community leaders are growing concerned.

     

  • Physical Education and Other Physical Activity Programs

    In Kentucky schools, we will provide planned, sequential instruction that promotes lifelong physical activity. It will be designed to develop basic movement skills, lifelong sports skills, and physical fitness as well as to enhance mental, social, and emotional abilities. It will be delivered on a regular basis.

     

  • School Health Profiles

    The School Health Profiles (Profiles) is a system of surveys developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to assess school health policies and programs in states and large urban school districts. The Profiles survey is conducted in Kentucky biennially among middle and high school principals and lead health education teachers.

     

  • Upcoming Training Opportunities

    A critical link in developing and sustaining coordinated school health programs at the local level requires ongoing learning and skill development. Kentucky's CSH Initiative collaborates with numerous partners to provide quality professional development events. By celebrating successful programs occurring throughtout the state and challenging local communities to implement additional innovative strategies, student achievement and health status are positively impacted.

     

  • Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBS)

    The Kentucky Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) is conducted as part of a national effort by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and prevention (CDC) to monitor students’ health-risk behaviors in six priority areas. These six areas include injury and violence, alcohol and drug use, tobacco use, nutrition, physical activity, and sexual risk behaviors. These risk behaviors contribute to the leading causes of death, disability, and social problems among youth and adults in the U.S.

Jamie Sparks
Office of Next-Generation Learners
Division of Program Standards
500 Mero Street, 19th Floor CPT
Frankfort, KY 40601
(502) 564-2106
Fax (502) 564-9848