English Learners (ELs) come with diverse histories, traditions and varied educational experiences.. The term 'limited English proficient' has been defined in Title IX of the No Child Left Behind Act under the General Provisions Part A, Section 9101.Definition
TITLE IX—GENERAL PROVISIONS PART A—DEFINITIONS
SEC. 9101. DEFINITIONS.
LIMITED ENGLISH PROFICIENT —The term 'limited English proficient', when used with respect to an individual, means an individual—
(A) who is aged 3 through 21;
(B) who is enrolled or preparing to enroll in an elementary school or secondary school;
(C)(i) who was not born in the United States or whose native language is a language other than English;
(ii)(I) who is a Native American or Alaska Native, or a native resident of the outlying areas; and
(II) who comes from an environment where a language other than English has had a significant impact on the individual's level of English language proficiency; or
(iii) who is migratory, whose native language is a language other than English, and who comes from an environment where a language other than English is dominant; and
(D) whose difficulties in speaking, reading, writing, or understanding the English language may be sufficient to deny the individual—
(i) the ability to meet the State's proficient level of achievement on State assessments described in section 1111(b)(3);
(ii) the ability to successfully achieve in classrooms where the language of instruction is English; or
(iii) the opportunity to participate fully in society. TITLE III—LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION FOR LIMITED ENGLISH PROFICIENT AND IMMIGRANT STUDENTS
PART C—GENERAL PROVISIONS
SEC. 3301. DEFINITIONS.
IMMIGRANT CHILDREN AND YOUTH.—The term 'immigrant children and youth' means individuals who—
(A) are aged 3 through 21;
(B) were not born in any State; and
(C) have not been attending one or more schools in any one or more States for more than 3 full academic years.
Immigrant English Language Learners
An Immigrant student is an individual who:
(A) is aged 3 through 21;
(B) was not born in any State (of the United States of America); and
(C) has not been attending one or more schools in any one or more States for more than 3 full academic years.
He or she may or may not be a Limited Proficient (LEP) student. Whether or not an Immigrant student is LEP, activities should be provided to enhance instructional opportunities for them to be successful in classrooms in the United States.
Immigrant NCLB Regulation
Immigrant Sample Activities