The Opportunity and Access indicator at elementary, middle and high school levels highlights some of the educational experiences that schools are providing students beyond what is measured by the state-required assessments.
Opportunity and Access is organized around three areas of student experiences: rich curricula, equitable access and school quality.
Rich curricula* measures students’ opportunities and access to the content areas of science, social studies, visual and performing arts, and health and physical education across all grade spans, career exploration at middle school, and at the high school level: cultural studies, world languages, Career and Technical Education, including specialized career pathways in state and regional high demand sectors approved by the Kentucky Workforce Innovation Board, and essential skills demonstrated as part of a work ethic certification.
Equitable access looks at federally defined student groups enrolled in gifted and talented programs in elementary and middle schools and advanced coursework in high school that includes Advanced Placement, Cambridge Advanced International and International Baccalaureate programs as well as dual credit courses.*
School quality is measured by a school’s lack of chronic absenteeism, behavior events, and student restraint and seclusion.
Opportunity and Access in 2017-18 Accountability
- Available data will be reported only (not included in identification of Comprehensive Support and Improvement (CSI) /Targeted Support and Improvement (TSI)/Other)
- Available data will be reported only (not included in identification of CSI/TSI/Other)
* Rich Curricula components in all grade spans will not be included in 2017-18 reporting.
* Dual Credit data will not be included for the Equitable Access component in 2017-18 reporting.
Additional information and indicators will be reported to provide a more complete picture of education in Kentucky. Results will be reported in an online Report Card including disaggregation of individual student group data and the reported only measures of whole child supports and state-funded preschool rating.
Whole Child measures include, school based counselor or mental health services provider; school nurse; teachers with specialist certification and delivering instruction in visual arts, music, dance, theatre, media arts, physical education, health, or world languages, and career counselor or career coach.
Information on preschool includes state-funded preschool rating; percentage of students in half day vs. full day kindergarten; percentage of teacher turnover and first-year teachers; percentage of student groups assigned to out-of-school suspension.
The Kentucky Board of Education (KBE) shall approve the measures of Opportunity and Access including the accumulation of credit. The KBE will review the available data and recommendations for the indicator in early 2019.
Additional information and indicators will be reported to provide a more complete picture of education in Kentucky. Results will be reported in online School Report Cards including disaggregation of individual student group data and the reported-only measures. Individual student reports will be issued to parents/guardians.
Beginning in 2018-19, an overall 5-star rating will be determined by setting standards for low to high performance on six indicators.
- Separate Academic Indicator
- Graduation Rate
- Transition Readiness
- Achievement Gap Closure
- Opportunity and Access (anticipated 2019-20)
KDE DAC Information
Office of Standards, Assessment and Accountability
300 Sower Blvd., 5th Floor
Frankfort, KY 40601